The Potential of Dwell-Free Eye-Typing for Fast Assistive Gaze Communication
ETRA '12: Proceedings of the ACM Symposium on Eye-Tracking Research and Applications, 2012.
We propose a new research direction for eye-typing which is potentially much faster: dwell-free eye-typing. Dwell-free eye-typing is in principle possible because we can exploit the high redundancy of natural languages to allow users to simply look at or near their desired letters without stopping to dwell on each letter. As a first step we created a system that simulated a perfect recognizer for dwellfree eye-typing. We used this system to investigate how fast users can potentially write using a dwell-free eye-typing interface. We found that after 40 minutes of practice, users reached a mean entry rate of 46 wpm. This indicates that dwell-free eye-typing may be more than twice as fast as the current state-of-the-art methods for writing by gaze. A human performance model further demonstrates that it is highly unlikely traditional eye-typing systems will ever surpass our dwell-free eye-typing performance estimate.